Who is the Jewish Messiah?

Many have patiently waited. Many have hoped. Many hope still...

3400 years ago, the Hebrew prophets began to foretell of a coming King and deliverer who would save humanity from the power of sin and death, and bring peace to our troubled world. The ancient Hebrew scriptures contain hundreds of details concerning Messiah's life and ministry - including predictions of the exact place and time of his appearing!Our rabbis have pointed out that the ancient prophets seem to paint a dual portrait of the Messiah - one of a suffering servant Isaiah 53:3-6, Zechariah 12:10, Psalm 22), one of conquering King (Psalm 2, Isaiah 9:5-6; Isaiah 42:1-9). This idea was expressed in the oral traditions of Judaism as Mashiach ben Yosef (Messiah son of Joseph) - the suffering Messiah, and Mashiach ben David (Messiah son of David) - the kingly Messiah and final deliverer.Some Jewish people believe that the Messiah came to us some 2000 years ago in the role of "Messiah son of Joseph," suffering for the sins of humanity, and will appear again one day in his ultimate role as "Messiah son of David," conquering all enemies of God and bringing final peace to the world. The man's Hebrew name is Yeshua, commonly known as Jesus of Nazareth.Still, there are many Jewish people who believe that the Messiah has not yet come and are still patiently waiting for him. This page is here to facilitate open discussion, to provide a safe place to ask questions, hear the personal stories of fellow Jews, and to provide free resources in exploration of this great question: the identity of Israel's Messiah!

How can we recognize the Messiah?

Over the course of the history of ancient Israel, God inspired many prophets to speak and write concerning the coming Messiah. As we fit together the many pieces to this puzzle, the picture begins to become miraculously clear. Read through the following passages of scripture that describe the Messiah's ancestry, place of birth, details concerning his suffering and death, and even the precise time of his appearing! We encourage you to click on each of the sections below and read the ancient texts like a detective looking for clues, or an attorney building a case. Allow the evidence to speak for itself. The conclusion may change your life! If you read with an open mind and an open heart, you may indeed discover the answer to the question: Who is the Jewish Messiah?

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He Must Be of the Lineage of Abraham ...

God made a promise to Abraham, saying that he would be blessed and be a blessing, and that through his descendants all families of the earth would be blessed. This promise has generally been viewed as a reference to the Messianic Age. It is a promise directly linked to Abraham's descendants, the Jewish people, through whom the Messiah would come:

Now the Lord had said to Abram:“Get out of your country,From your family And from your father’s house, to a land that I will show you.I will make you a great nation; I will bless you And make your name great; and you shall be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and I will curse him who curses you; and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” Genesis 12:1-3

These words were fulfilled in Jesus of Nazareth, whom the New Testament declares to be a descendant of Abraham:You are sons of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying to Abraham, ‘And in your seed all the families of the earth shall be blessed.’ To you first, God, having raised up His Servant Jesus, sent Him to bless you, in turning away every one of you from your iniquities. Acts 3:25-26

He Must Be of the Tribe of Judah...

When the patriarch Jacob was dying, he said:

The scepter shall not depart from Judah,Nor a lawgiver from between his feet,Until Shiloh comes;And to Him shall be the obedience of the people. Genesis 49:10

He Must Be A Prophet Like Moses...

And the Lord said to me: ‘What they have spoken is good. 18 I will raise up for them a Prophet like you from among their brethren, and will put My words in His mouth, and He shall speak to them all that I command Him.
Deuteronomy 18:17

He Must Be of the Lineage of David ...

“When your days are fulfilled and you rest with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, who will come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. 13 He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. 2 Samuel 7:12-13

Of the increase of His government and peace there will be no end,Upon the throne of David and over His kingdom,To order it and establish it with judgment and justice from that time forward, even forever.The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this. Isaiah 9:7

He Must Be Born in the town of Bethlehem...

“But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah,Though you are little among the thousands of Judah,Yet out of you shall come forth to Me The One to be Ruler in Israel,Whose goings forth are from of old,From everlasting.” Micah 5:2

He Will Be God With Us...

Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a Son, and shall call His name Immanuel
Isaiah 7:14

For unto us a Child is born,
Unto us a Son is given;
And the government will be upon His shoulder.
And His name will be called
Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God,
Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
Of the increase of His government and peace
There will be no end,
Upon the throne of David and over His kingdom,
To order it and establish it with judgment and justice
From that time forward, even forever.
The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.

Isaiah 9:6-7

He Will Come To Us In Humility...

“Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion!
Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem!
Behold, your King is coming to you;
He is just and having salvation,
Lowly and riding on a donkey,
A colt, the foal of a donkey.

Zechariah 9:9

He Will Justice to the World...

“Behold! My Servant whom I uphold,
My Elect One in whom My soul delights!
I have put My Spirit upon Him;
He will bring forth justice to the Gentiles.
He will not cry out, nor raise His voice,
Nor cause His voice to be heard in the street.
A bruised reed He will not break,
And smoking flax He will not quench;
He will bring forth justice for truth.
He will not fail nor be discouraged,
Till He has established justice in the earth;
And the coastlands shall wait for His law.”

Isaiah 42:1-5

He Will Be A Light to the Gentiles...

“And now the Lord says,
Who formed Me from the womb to be His Servant,
To bring Jacob back to Him,
So that Israel is gathered to Him[a]
(For I shall be glorious in the eyes of the Lord,
And My God shall be My strength),
Indeed He says,
‘It is too small a thing that You should be My Servant
To raise up the tribes of Jacob,
And to restore the preserved ones of Israel;
I will also give You as a light to the Gentiles,
That You should be My salvation to the ends of the earth.’”

Isaiah 49:3-6

He Will Suffer for the Sins of Israel...

Who has believed our report?
And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?
For He shall grow up before Him as a tender plant,
And as a root out of dry ground.
He has no form or comeliness;
And when we see Him,
There is no beauty that we should desire Him.
He is despised and rejected by men,
A Man of sorrows and acquainted with grief.
And we hid, as it were, our faces from Him;
He was despised, and we did not esteem Him.
Surely He has borne our griefs
And carried our sorrows;
Yet we esteemed Him stricken,
Smitten by God, and afflicted.
But He was wounded for our transgressions,
He was bruised for our iniquities;
The chastisement for our peace was upon Him,
And by His stripes we are healed.
All we like sheep have gone astray;
We have turned, every one, to his own way;
And the Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us all.
He was oppressed and He was afflicted,
Yet He opened not His mouth;
He was led as a lamb to the slaughter,
And as a sheep before its shearers is silent,
So He opened not His mouth.
He was taken from prison and from judgment,
And who will declare His generation?
For He was cut off from the land of the living;
For the transgressions of My people He was stricken.
And they made His grave with the wicked—
But with the rich at His death,
Because He had done no violence,
Nor was any deceit in His mouth.
Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise Him;
He has put Him to grief.
When You make His soul an offering for sin,
He shall see His seed, He shall prolong His days,
And the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in His hand.
He shall see the labor of His soul,[b] and be satisfied.
By His knowledge My righteous Servant shall justify many,
For He shall bear their iniquities.
Therefore I will divide Him a portion with the great,
And He shall divide the spoil with the strong,
Because He poured out His soul unto death,
And He was numbered with the transgressors,
And He bore the sin of many,
And made intercession for the transgressors.

Isaiah 53:1-12

He Will Be Crucified...

For dogs have surrounded Me;
The congregation of the wicked has enclosed Me.
They pierced My hands and My feet;
I can count all My bones.
They look and stare at Me.
They divide My garments among them,
And for My clothing they cast lots.

Psalm 22:16-18

He Will Be Resurrected From the Dead...

I have set the Lord always before me;
Because He is at my right hand I shall not be moved.
Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoices;
My flesh also will rest in hope.
For You will not leave my soul in Sheol,
Nor will You allow Your Holy One to see corruption.

Psalm 16:8-10

We Will Know the Exact Time of His Appearance...

Seventy weeks are determined For your people and for your holy city, To finish the transgression, To make an end of sins, To make reconciliation for iniquity, To bring in everlasting righteousness, To seal up vision and prophecy, And to anoint the Most Holy. "Know therefore and understand, That from the going forth of the command To restore and build Jerusalem Until Messiah the Prince, There shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; The street shall be built again, and the wall, Even in troublesome times. "And after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself; And the people of the prince who is to come Shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end of it shall be with a flood, And till the end of the war desolations are determined.

Daniel 9:24-26

“… from the going forth of the command To restore and build Jerusalem Until Messiah the Prince, There shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks”

One week is symbolically representative of a seven year period.
1 week = 7 years

Seven "weeks" would therefore represent forty nine years
7 weeks = 49 years

Sixty two weeks would therefore represent four hundred eighty three years
62 weeks = 483 years

Adding the two periods together we get a total of four hundred ninety years
49 + 483 = 490

The command to “restore and rebuild Jerusalem” was given by King Artaxerxes of Persia c. 445 B.C. (see Nehemiah 2:1-8)

445 B.C. + 490 years puts us at 30 A.D. – the time of Jesus of Nazareth

Consider the Odds

In 1957 Moody Press in Chicago, Illinois published a book by Professor Peter W. Stoner, called SCIENCE SPEAKS, An Evaluation of Certain Christian Evidences.

Lee Stroebel,  the former agnostic and author of THE CASE FOR CHRIST, THE CASE FOR FAITH and THE CASE FOR EASTER noted that the statistical odds of select Messianic prophecies coming true as documented in SCIENCE SPEAKS, gave him confidence to believe in Christ.

There are 300 - 350 Messianic prophecies in the Hebrew Bible.

In Stoner's book, the author calculates the probability of one man fulfilling only 8:

Suppose we took certain man, blindfolded him and covered the state of Texas two feet deep with silver dollars. Then we put a check on one of those silver dollars and mixed them up. The odds of one person fulfilling just these eight prophecies would be the same as this man selecting the silver dollar upon which we have placed a check, in his first try!